Visit Shirvan National Park

Visit Shirvan National Park

The Shirvan National Park is one of 8 national parks of Azerbaijan. It was established by the decree of the President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, on July 5, 2003. Its surface area is 54,373.5 hectares (543.735 km2) of which 3500 hectares are water reservoirs. The reserve‘s activity is focused on the protection and reproduction of the Goitered Gazelle, waterfowl birds and typical plant biotypes of the Shirvan Lowland

More images of Shirvan National Park


More about Shirvan National Park

This area is 25800 hectares, The territory of the park used to be at the bottom of the Caspian Sea and at present it is an accumulative plain, which 20–25m is below sea level with a slight increase in the relief westwards. In terms of climate the park lies in an area of moderate warm semi-desert and arid steppe. Summers are hot and dry and winters are cool and dry.

In the park there are several types of vegetation. The desert type is represented by Halocnemum, Halostachys and Salicornia formations developed on solonchaks. At the tops of the hills halostachys grows and the slopes are covered by cereals and motley grass from the ephemeral group. The semi-desert type of vegetation is represented by formations of sveda and ephemeral wormwood. The latter formation, which occupies 40% of the park area, has the richest species composition. Wormwood dominates, and among ephemera 20-25 species are to be found, including mast cereals: Poa bulbosa, Bromus, wall barley (Hordeum leporinum), etc. Meadow-type vegetation is developed in the park on chals (humid lowerings on the relief). The herbage is two-layered and is formed of Alhagi (first layer) and Aeluropus repens (second layer). In some places Artemisia and wall barley (Hordeum leporinum) are found.

The fauna at Shirvan has not been widely studied.. Among amphibians there are green toad, Hylidae and lake frog. Among reptiles there are swamp, Caspian and Mediterranean turtles, lizard, water snake (Natrix natrix), Vipera lebetina and others. Ornitofauna has also not been studied extensively, but according to the existing data there are bustard, little bustard,  white-tailed eagle, steppe eagle  peregrine falcon. In winter, there are many migratory birds on the water bodies: gray goose, mallard duck, pintail, flamingo and others.

Among rare mammals species there are Persian gazelle, wild boar, wolf, jackal, jungle cat, fox, badger, European hare and others.

The main protected objects are the natural semi-desert complexes of the south-eastern Shirvan, with the world’s biggest population of Persian gazelle and the water-wading ecosystem, which is a place of nesting, a migration route and wintering area for many valuable bird species.

Shirvan accommodation Azerbaijan

Our guests will be staying in our newly constructed wooden lodges which have been constructed with local materials and are powered by solar panels. Water is as fresh and pure as you can get from mountain streams. You will be provided with domestic staff who will cook meals for you featuring local produce, indicative dishes of the region & national cuisine of Azerbaijan 

More about our Shirvan lodges
Shirvan accommodation Azerbaijan